History of Transylvania

Author(s): Jesse Russell (Editor); Ronald Cohn (Editor)

History

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles Transylvania is a historical region in the central part of the Romania. In ancient times it was part of the Dacian Kingdom and Roman Dacia. Since the 10th century, Transylvania became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Battle of Mohacs in 1526, it formed part of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom, out of which the Principality of Transylvania emerged, which, most of the times in the 16th and 17th century, was the vassal country of the Ottoman Empire. At the end of the 17th century, Transylvania came under the control of the Habsburg Empire. From 1437 to 1848, medieval political power in Transylvania was shared between the mostly Hungarian nobility, German burghers, and the seats of the Sz kely people (a Hungarian ethnic group), while the population was made up by Romanians, Hungarians (especially Sz kelys) and Germans (see also Kingdom of Hungary). Starting then, Transylvania was in name attached to Habsburg-controlled Hungary, though it had a separate status, being subjected to the direct rule of the emperor's governors. In practice Transylvania was severed from Hungary until 1867 when, after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise, the separate status of Transylvania ceased and it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary (Transleithania) as part of Austrian-Hungarian Empire. After World War I, Transylvania became part of Romania. In 1940, Northern Transylvania reverted once again to Hungary as a result of the Second Vienna Award, but it was taken back by Romania after the end of World War II.

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  • : 9785513337843
  • : Books on Demand
  • : Books on Demand
  • : 0.190509
  • : January 2012
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  • : Jesse Russell (Editor); Ronald Cohn (Editor)
  • : Jesse Russell (Editor); Ronald Cohn (Editor)