Author(s): David Crystal
What do the following have in common? Let there be light - A fly in the ointment - A rod of iron - New wine in old bottles Lick the dust - How are the mighty fallen - Kick against the pricks - Wheels within wheels They are all in the King James Bible. This astonishing book "has contributed far more to English in the way of idiomatic or quasi-proverbial expressions than any other literary source." So wrote David Crystal in 2004. In A Book of Many Colours he returns to the subject not only to consider how a work published in 1611 could have had such influence on the language, but how it can still do so when few regularly hear the Bible and fewer still hear it in the language of Stuart England. No other version of the Bible however popular (such as the Good News Bible) or imposed upon the church (like the New English Bible) has had anything like the same influence. David Crystal shows how its words and phrases have over the centuries found independent life in the work of poets, playwrights, novelists, politicians, and journalists, and how more recently they have been taken up with enthusiasm by advertisers, Hollywood, and hip-hop. Yet the King James Bible owes much to earlier English versions, notably those by John Wycliffe in in the fourteenth century and William Tyndale in the sixteenth. David Crystal reveals how much that is memorable in the King James Bible stems from its forebears. At the same time he shows how crucial were the revisions made by King James's team of translators and editors. "A person who professes to be a critic in the delicacies of the English language ought to have the Bible at his finger's ends," Lord Macaulay advised Lady Holland in 1831. A Book of Many Colours shows how true that remains. It will be a revelation to all who read it.
Prologue 1; Prologue 2; 1. In the beginning; 2. Let there be light; 3. Be fruitful and multiply; 4. Am I my brother's keeper?; 5. Two by two; 6. A coat of many colours; 7. Fire and brimstone; 8. Begat; 9. Thou shalt not; 10. Manna, milk, and honey; 11. Eyes, teeth, and loins; 12. What hath been wrought; 13. Bread alone; 14. How are the mighty fallen!; 15. The skin of one's teeth; 16. Out of the mouths of babes; 17. Pride goes before a fal; 18. Nothing new under the sun; 19. Fly in the ointment; 20. No peace for the wicked; 21. Be horribly afraid; Interlude; 22. Seeing the light; 23. Eyes, ears, cheeks; 24. Speaking, shouting, wailing, writing; 25. Shaking, turning, moving; 26. Many and few, first and last; 27. Fights, foes, fools, friends; 28. Praising faous men; 29. Sheep, goats, swine; 30. Money, wages, pearls, mites; 31. Blessed are the servants; 32. Heal thyself; 33. Times and seasons; 34. Birth, life, and death; 35. Countries, kingdoms, Armageddon; 36. Building houses, mansions, sepulchres; 37. Millstones, crosses, yokes, pricks; 38. Sowing seeds; 39. Salt and wine; 40. The law, judges, thieves, swords; 41. Love and charity; 42. Peace and patience, wrath, whore; Epilogue; Appendixes; Indexes